VISUAL BASELINE

Short documentaries in mining regions of Peru

What is development? How do communities in mining regions envision their territory in 5 years? What are their main environmental challenges? What are their opportunities? These are some of the questions addressed in the documentaries that follow.

In the last ten years, the high demand for nonrenewable natural resources has fueled a mining expansion throughout the world, especially in Latin America. In fact, Latin American countries represent a high percentage of the production and new investments made. However, countries like Colombia and Peru are facing some challenges to ensure the welfare and development of the communities in mining regions.

In particular, local governments and communities that coexist with mining activities, have very little influence on the development of this type of exploitation. However, citizens and residents of these communities are the ones who receive the economic, political, social and environmental impacts.

Working closely with local governments in mining regions in Latin America through the CISAL program, means working with the public institution closest to communities.

The following exercise was conducted to document, through the testimonies of communities and municipal government officials, the current situation in two regions of Peru and two regions of Colombia. Twelve short-documentaries were made to understand the perspectives, perceptions, dreams and aspirations of the communities in mining regions. Building a dialogue between governments (local, regional and national), communities and mining companies is not an easy task, but this exercise reflects on the importance of this relationship in order to address the challenges mining communities face and how the vision of development from the different stakeholders, should be aligned.

This exercise will also allow by the end of the CISAL program to compare the changes to which the program has contributed and the changes the territory itself has gone through.

PERU

CISAL program is working in the Province of Chumbivilcas, located in the southwest end of the department of Cusco, a place full of tradition, culture, dances, parties and folk customs.

VIDEO: Development in Chumbivilcas

Chumbivilcas is a rural province in the department of Cusco, Peru. The only way to get to Santo Tomas, the capital, or Livitaca or Chamaca, is by car or bus. A journey of more than five hours takes us inside a fascinating culture, where a vast majority of people speak Quechua and have cultivated their land for more than 400 years.

What is development for Chumbivilcanos? The conversation centers around the welfare of the farmer, the quality of life of communities and wonders whether mining has contributed or not to local economic development.

Watch video.

VIDEO: Environmental challenges in Chumbivilcas

The relationship between the Chumbivilcano and his land is direct, as David Vera, mayor of Santo Tomas says, the Chumbivilcano comes from the land. This view of the world contrasts with the reality of the region and the presence of large mining and informal mining in Chumbivilcas. How has the relationship of the Chumbivilcano with his land has been transformed? What environmental challenges do they face?

Watch video.

VIDEO: Gender

What is the role of women in Chumbivilcas?

Women in Chumbivilcas have raised their voice in democratic spaces, however, sometimes their participation is obscured by historical chauvinism that still is a mayor issue in the region. What do this Andean women leaders think about this situation? How have they faced these challenges? How do they see the transformation of their role within the Chumbivilcan society?

Watch video.

ÁNCASH

VIDEO: Development in Ancash

Ancash has an almost unique geographical complexity and uniqueness in the world: it has 26 of the 34 existing climates, 83% of the world’s ecosystems and a great contrast between the Coordillera Negra (Black mountain range), with deficiencies of water-and the Cordillera Blanca (White mountain range), with over 260 lakes and 42 rivers. In the last 20 years it has been a region with significant investments in the mining sector, its main economic activity. What is development for communities in Ancash? What are the prospects of development that has brought mining? What development opportunities have been identified in their territory?

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VIDEO: Environmental challenges in Ancash

What is the relationship between the Ancashino and his land?

In the municipalities we interviewed, Independencia, Jangas and Taricá, the communities showed strong convictions against mining because of the pollution it generates to water sources, animals and the environment. In interviews non-conformity and disinformation against how the national government gives concessions to the mining company also was a big theme, “behind the backs of the communities” a rural leader said.

The questions that were addressed in the excersice were: what is the relationship of the ancashino with his land? How has mining transformed this relationship?

Watch video.

 

VIDEO: Women in Ancash

What is the role of woman in Ancash? What do local leaders think about this role and how has it been transformed in the past years?

Watch video.

 

Watch the Colombian documentaries.